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MEDIEVAL INDIA
  • 1. Local self-government was the basic feature of the administration of which of the following dynasty of early medieval India?
    • A) Chalukya
    • B) Pala
    • C) Chola
    • D) Rashtrakutas
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    Answer C
    In Chola dynasty, the king was the head of central authority helped by a council of ministers. Chola administration was democratic. Local self-government was the basic features of the administration of Cholas. Hence, C is the correct option.

  • 2. Which of the following early medieval Indian dynasty built famous rock-cut temple of Kailasha (Shiva) at Ellora?

    • A) Chalukyas Dynasty
    • B) Chola Dynasty
    • C) Rashtrakutas Dynasty
    • D) Pala Dyansty
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    Answer C
    The famous rock-cut temple of Kailasha (Shiva) at Ellora was built by the Rashtrakutas king Krishna

  • 3. The Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion during the early medieval phase. Which of the following statements best define the theory of origin of rajputs?
    • A) They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders who have Indianized and absorbed into Indian society and the Indian Kshatriyas.
    • B) They are considered as descendents of Greek civilization.
    • C) Both (a) and (b)
    • D) None of the above
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    Answer A
    The dominance of Rajputs began from the seventh and eighth centuries and lasted till the Muslim conquest in the twelfth century. In the period of Muslim aggression, the Rajputs were the main defenders of the Hindu religion and culture. There are several theories about the origin of Rajputs. They were considered as the descendents of the foreign invaders and the Indian Kshatriyas. The foreign invaders were Indianized and absorbed into Indian society. Many legends of Rajputs support this theory. Therefore, it can be said that diverse elements constitute in the shaping of the Rajput clan. They became homogenous by constant intermarriage and by adopting common customs. They made war as their chief occupation. However, trade and agriculture also prospered. They built strong forts

  • 4. How did the conquest of Sind by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 A.D resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad?
    • A) Many Arab travelers started visiting Sind.
    • B) Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs.
    • C) The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through Arab travelers.
    • D) All of the above
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    Answer D
    In 712 A.D., Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sind. Qasim defeated Dahir, the ruler of Sind and killed him in a well-contested battle and captured his capital Aror. Qasim organized the administration of Sind. The people of Sind were given the status of zimmis (protected subjects). There was no interference in the lives and property of the people. Although the conquest of Sind did not lead to further conquests immediately, it had resulted in the diffusion of Indian culture abroad. Many Arab travelers visited Sind. Indian medicine and astronomy were carried to far off lands through the Arabs. The Indian numerals in the Arabic form went to Europe through them. Since Sind was a part of the Arab empire, the inflow of Indian knowledge was great.

  • 5. Who among the following was the founder of Rashtrakutas?

    • A) Dantidurga
    • B) Yashovarman
    • C) Mihir Bhoja
    • D) Vakpatiraja
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    Answer A
    Dantidurga, also known as Dantivarman or Dantidurga II was the founder of the Rashtrakuta Empire of Manyakheta. His capital was based in Gulbarga region of Karnataka.

  • 6. Who among the following ruling dynasty of early Medieval India called themselves descendants of Satyaki?

    • A) Pala
    • B) Rashtrakutas
    • C) Chola
    • D) Vijayanagara
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    Answer B
    The Rashtrakutas called themselves descendants of Satyaki. The founder of the Rashtrakuta power was Dantivarma or Dantidurga who was a contemporary of Chalukya King Pulakeshin II. Hence, B is the correct option.

  • 7. Consider the following
    I. The tripartite struggle was between the Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakuta.
    II. Fight was to acquire supremacy over Kanauj, a symbol of prestige in Indian politics.
    Which of the above statement (s) is/are correct about tripartite struggle of early medieval India?
    • A) only 1
    • B) only 2
    • C) Both I and II
    • D) Neither I nor II
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    Answer C
    The major causes for the continuous struggle between the Pratiharas, Palas and Rashtrakuta, known in history as tripartite struggle, are as follows:-To get control over Gujarat and Malwa, the regions very important for foreign trade due to their nearness to the coast; To acquire supremacy over kanauj, a symbol of prestige in Indian politics. Hence, C is the correct option.

  • 8. Which of the following is not ruling class of Kashmir?

    • A) Karkota
    • B) Utpala
    • C) Loharas
    • D) Senas
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    Answer D
    Kashmir was ruled by three dynasties- the Karkota, Utpala and Loharas. Lalitaditya was the most famous ruler of Kashmir during early medieval India. The Sena dynasty ruled from Bengal. Hence, D is the correct option.

  • 9. Who was the founder of Vikramshila University?

    • A) Dharmapala
    • B) Gopala
    • C) Devapala
    • D) Devraja
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    Answer A
    Dharmapala founded the famous Buddhist monastery at Vikramshila as a centre for higher learning.