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Charaideo Moidam - IAS Academy in Coimbatore


  • Assam Chief Minister recently said that the Central Government has decided to send a proposal to UNESCO nominating Charaideo Maidam of Ahom Kingdom as a World Heritage Site.

What is Charaideo Maidam

  • Charaideo commonly known as ‘Pyramids of Assam’ was the original capital of the Ahom Kings.
  • Charaideo remained the symbolic center of Ahom Kingdom even though the capital of the kingdom moved many times.
  • It was built by Chaolung Sukhapa the founder of the dynasty in about 1229 CE.
  • Location: Located at the foothills of Nagaland, it’s situated at a distance of around 30 KM from the historical Sivsagar town in Assam.

Why is Charaideo known as ‘Pyramids of Assam’?

  • It contains sacred burial grounds of Ahom kings and queens and is also the place of the ancestral Gods of the Ahoms.
  • Some 42 tombs (Maidams) of Ahom kings and queens are present at Charaideo hillocks.
  • Architecture: It comprises a massive underground vault with one or more chambers having domical superstructure and covered by a heap of earthen mound and externally it appears a hemispherical mound.

Ahom Dynasty

  • It was founded by Chaolung Sukapha , who entered the Brahmaputra valley in 1228.
  • They ruled Assam for six centuries.
  • The Ahoms created a new state by taking over the older political system of the bhuiyans (landlords).
  • The Ahom administration was a monarchial government with democratic and aristocratic values as well.
  • Ahom society was divided into clans and with the expansion of the kingdom, the clans moved and took charge of the designated territory.
  • The Ahoms followed stringent travel policies to protect their motherland against the foreign invaders for inward travel.
  • In the 17th century, the Ahom rule got weakened due to multiple Burmese invasions and internal conflicts.
  • Ahom Kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company after the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826.