ISRO’s EOS-06 Satellite - IAS Academy in Coimbatore
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has released images of Earth captured by its EOS-06 satellite.
- ISRO has released the mosaic-generated images by its National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC).
- The mosaic with 1 km spatial resolution is generated by combining 2939 images, after processing 300 GB of data to show the Earth as seen during February 1 and 15.
- The Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM) payload on board the EOS-06 satellite senses the Earth in 13 different wavelengths to provide information about the vegetation on land and ocean biota for global oceans.
What are Earth Observation Satellites?
- Earth observation satellites are the satellites equipped with remote sensing technology. Earth observation is the gathering of information about Earth's physical, chemical and biological systems.
- Many earth observation satellites have been employed on sun-synchronous orbit.
- Other earth observation satellites launched by ISRO include RESOURCESAT- 2, 2A, CARTOSAT-1, 2, 2A, 2B, RISAT-1 and 2, OCEANSAT-2, Megha-Tropiques, SARAL and SCATSAT-1, INSAT-3DR, 3D, etc.
- The EOS-06 is the third generation satellite in the Oceansat series.
- The EOS-06 satellite was launched by ISRO’s PSLV-C54 along with eight Nano-satellites on the 26th of November 2022.
- EOS-06 carries four payloads namely Ocean Colour Monitor (OCM), Sea Surface Temperature Monitor, Ku-Band Scatterometer, and ARGOS (Advanced Data Collection System).
- The key objective of EOS-06 is to observe ocean colour data, sea surface temperature and wind vector data to use in oceanography, climatic and meteorological applications.
- The satellite also helps value-added products like potential fishing zones using chlorophyll, SST and wind speed and land-based geophysical parameters.